Contrary to popular belief, immunizations are not only for kids. Even adults need vaccines for protection against serious and potentially fatal ailments. This list below enumerates all the types of vaccinations that you need as an adult to keep yourself in the pink of health, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Seasonal Influenza (Flu)
This vaccine is recommended for all adults, especially for those who have chronic diseases and poor immune function, and those who work in a health-care location or with another person who is at high-risk of flu-related complications. It is advised to get the flu vaccine every year. But if you’re pregnant, you would want to stay away from the nasal spray vaccine and opt for the standard flu shot. Moreover, you cannot get this vaccine if you are allergic to eggs or if you are presently ill.
Pneumonia or pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is recommended for adults ages 65 and older. Those with chronic disease and weak immune system should also get this shot. People who smoke are also advised to get vaccinated for this disease.
Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis
Tdap is a combination of tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis vaccines that are advisable for all adults ages 19 to 64. If you have close contact with infants, just gave birth, work in a health-care center, or have the possibility of becoming infected, it is a must to get a Tdap vaccination immediately. Do not get vaccinated for this if you’re pregnant or if you have history of seizures or epilepsy.
You need a meningitis (meningococcal) vaccine if you were not able to get this as a child. This is especially important if you plan to go or live in a country where meningitis is prevalent. You may get a dose of this vaccine at any time. However, if you are younger than 55, the meningococcal conjugate vaccine is recommended. For those who are older, you need to get the meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine.
Like the meningitis vaccine, get immunized for chickenpox if you didn’t have this as a child and if you’ve never had chickenpox. You may get this vaccination any time and then get a second dose at least four weeks after the first one. However, if you have allergic reaction to gelatin and antibiotic neomycin, if you have weak immune system, or if you plan on getting pregnant, do not get a chickenpox vaccine.
Measles, Mumps and Rubella
If you were born during or after 1957 and you’ve never had such vaccination in the past, you need a measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. If you were born before 1957, it is not recommended for you to get immunization for these diseases.
Women ages 26 and younger are advised to get vaccinated for human papillomavirus (HPV). If you’re a man, you can also get this vaccine to prevent genital warts and to reduce the risk of transmitting virus that can cause cervical cancer in women. Those who are allergic to yeast or latex should not get this vaccine.
Protect yourself from Hepatitis A or any liver disease by getting this vaccine. It is also recommended for people who inject illicit drugs, have sex with multiple partners, or might be exposed to the virus while working inside the laboratory.
Sexually active people who engage in sex with different partners, those who inject illicit drugs, those who work in laboratory or healthcare settings, and those who receive hemodialysis should be vaccinated for Hepatitis B. This is not advisable for people who have allergic reactions to baker’s yeast.
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
This is important for people who are older than 60. They can get it at any time. This vaccine is not for pregnant women, for sick people, or for those who have allergies to gelatin and antibiotic neomycin.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib)
Get one dose of this vaccine if you have never received it and if you have certain health problems like HIV, sickle cell disease, or leukemia. You may not be vaccinated for this if you are currently ill.