Allergic Fungal Sinusitis (AFS), which is commonly observed in individuals with allergic asthma or sinus inflammation, is considered as a non-invasive fungal disease. Although such types of fungal sinusitis do not progress into serious respiratory infections, treatment may be needed in some cases in which symptomss substantially interfere with the individual's daily routines.
Alternaria, Aspergillus and Fusarium are among the most common strains of fungi that thrive in areas with higher temperatures and humidity. Studies show that among the many cases observed, individuals with impaired immune systems or those who do not respond favorably to antibiotics are most susceptible to the disease.
The chronic nature of this infection means affected individuals may experience debilitating symptoms for years. Also, some children who carry the disease may not noticeably exhibit any symptoms commonly associated with allergic fungal sinusitis, sometimes making it more challenging for doctors to identify the disease in younger age groups.
Of all the identified symptoms of allergic fungal sinusitis, the most common include recurring headaches, congestion of the nasal cavity as characterized by stuffiness, and nasal discharge with unusual yellow-green color and thick viscosity.
Proper diagnosis may require the doctor to obtain an intensive medical history of the patient that may include any history of allergic reactions, chronic headaches, or impaired vision.
And to further rule out any wrong or inaccurate diagnosis, the doctor may recommend further tests. For example, CT scan tests may show underlying problems such as the presence of nasal polyps or bone erosion.
Additionally, fungal cultures and antibody tests may also shed light on the severity and the nature of the disease.
Your doctor may recommend a set of treatments depending on the severity of the symptoms.
In more serious cases, when medications or nasal sprays are no longer effective, a doctor may recommend the removal of fungus build-up along the nasal cavity. This surgical treatment is sometimes necessary to alleviate the congestion of the nasal cavity that would otherwise hamper the breathing patterns of the individual.
In other cases, the use of prednisone or nasal sprays may prove helpful given the proper administration as directed by the doctor.
Allergic Fungal Sinusitis in Children
Establishing an effective treatment among Individuals in younger age groups may be challenging. For one, surgery should be the last option, if at all, because of a child's entirely unique physiological makeup. Even drugs, which are considered a safer option, may also pose some serious side effects especially when administered improperly.
Individual differences among children with allergic fungal sinusitis may also play a major role in choosing the best course of treatment. Sometimes, physicians may refer cases to specialists to ensure that proper diagnosis and treatment is established.