An Overview of Minor Depressive Disorder

Minor Depressive Disorders are often not taken seriously, which can eventually lead to serious consequences in life. It can have a huge impact on everyday life, if not diagnosed early. A minor depressive disorder is quite different from a major depression. Even then, the patient will require treatment at the right time to avoid its progression.

To diagnose a condition as a major depression, it should meet specific criteria. In minor depression, there will not be any expression of symptoms. But, it still needs proper diagnosis and treatment. In reality, the condition is diagnosed only in very few people.

Signs and Symptoms of Minor Depressive Disorder
The diagnosis of minor depression is very difficult, as there will not be any change in behavior like in major depression. More studies are being conducted in this field to make the recognition of the symptoms easier. At present, the same criteria of symptoms for diagnosing major depression are used for minor depression also. The only difference is that out of the total nine symptoms, only 2 to 4 symptoms should be present for diagnosing the condition, whereas major depression will need five or more symptoms. Usually, a person having minor depression will not express any symptom like a depressed mood all the time.

The main symptoms include depressed mood, loss of weight or weight gain, insomnia, fatigue, problems with concentration, decreased interest in doing things, suicidal thoughts, and negative feelings about oneself. In minor depression, 2 to 4 of these symptoms will be present.

Consequences of Minor Depression
Even though the name of the condition is minor depression, in reality it can cause major consequences in one’s life. There isn’t a real difference between minor and major depression. A person having four symptoms of minor depression will be similar to a person having five symptoms of major depression.

This disorder can affect the mental and physical health of a person. These problems can in turn affect the quality of life, making it too restricted. Moreover, it can also affect relationships with friends and family. They will also have financial problems as they may not be able to do any work due to lack of concentration.

The treatments are the same as for that of major depression, and it includes medications and cognitive behavioral therapy. General practitioners must be able to recognize the signs and symptoms, and have the patient referred to a psychiatrist to initiate treatment. Family and friends should also be supportive to achieve the best results. Also, the patient must be ready to accept the treatment and continue it according to the instructions from the doctor.

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