Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that often results in attention problems and hyperactivity. The symptoms of ADHD are seen before the age of seven and can continue till adulthood. ADHD is the most commonly treated psychiatric disorder among children. And experts agree that it is two to four times more diagnosed among boys as compared to girls. ADHD can cause problem at home, school and workplace, and can even adversely affect relationships.

Causes
Studies and researches suggest that the brains of children suffering with ADHD work differently than the others. However the real cause of the disorder is yet to be discovered. Most importantly doctors claim the disease to be genetic.

Symptoms
- Depression

- Lack of attention

- Hyperactivity

- Disabilities while learning

- Sleep disorders

- The child gets easily distracted and dislikes tasks that require any kind of mental effort.

- Loses things easily and often makes repeated careless mistakes.

- Runs about and hates remaining seated.

- Has difficulties and fails to play quietly.

Signs and Tests
To bring more precision to determining whether a child has ADHD, additional guidelines are as follows:

- The child should be suffering with at least six symptoms among attention problems to be afflicted with ADHD before the age of seven.

- The symptoms must be noted at least for six months, in order to determine whether the problem is indeed ADHD or something else.

In older children, an evaluation by doctor is needed. It may include IQ testing, physiological evaluation and complete mental, physical and psychological examination.

Treatments
- Setting up of target for goals to be achieved regarding medication and behavioral therapy.

- Immediate commencement of medication and behavioral therapy.

- Keep re-evaluating the diagnosis and also keep a check on how well the child is responding to the treatment.

- Keep a track of the possible side effects of the medication and set new goals and targets.

- Get in touch with teachers and fellow children for a detailed study of the behavioral pattern.

ADHD can be easily treated given the right diagnosis and proper care. Keep a track of your child's behavioral pattern, and give your child a healthy and happy living.

 


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