Do you have problems with your child's behavior? Is he/she overly active and has difficulty focusing his/her attention to a certain task? It's possible that your child has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It's a must to visit the doctor so that your child's condition can be properly diagnosed.
Behavior Therapy: A Must For Children with ADHD
If it is found that your child does have ADHD, behavior therapy can help to improve the situation a great deal. This teaches kids with ADHD how to interact and behave appropriately. There is also parent training that imparts techniques on the parents. The therapy takes 8 to 10 sessions of 1 to 2 hours each week.
It's important to remember that while behavior therapy cannot cure inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, it can help parents and children deal with the behavioral problems that come with this condition. Examples are such as inability to get along with peers and disobedience of rules. The behavior therapy centers on two basic principles:
1) The first one is to encourage good behavior with the use of praises and rewards. Positive feedback should immediately be given after the behavior so that the child recognizes what the compliment or reward is for. This will effectively reinforce proper behavior.
2) The second is to allow the natural and logical consequences for negative behavior. For example, if a child doesn't put away his/her toys after playing and loses one of his/her favorite toy cars, don't be too immediate in helping your child find it. Let him/her realize that it was the consequence of a wrong action so he/she will not repeat it anymore. Intervene only if the consequence for his/her behavior will pose danger on him/her such as if he/she plays with fire or talks to strangers.
Here are some strategies that you would find useful in dealing with your child's condition.
• Recognize the importance of routine and structure for your child. If something out of the ordinary is going to happen, be sure to give a warning since even the smallest changes can upset your kid.
• Tell your child what to expect before any activity or event. This way, he/she would feel easier about what's going to happen.
• Use a system reward to reinforce positive behavior. Token jars and sticker charts are just few examples. After your kid has accumulated a number of tokens or stickers, you can give him/her a nice reward that would also be beneficial for him/her such as a trip to the zoo.
• Have your child engage in activities that can build attention skills. Examples are reading, coloring and puzzles.
• Give instructions that are clear and easy to understand so that your kid won't have a hard time following them. Children with ADHD are more likely to lose interest and attention when the instructions are not clear to them.
• Learn how to manage misbehavior before it happens. If you know that your kid usually throws a fit in the restaurant, bring things that can counter this such as his/her favorite activity book or play set.
• Inform your child about the consequences of his/her misbehavior. If he/she misbehaves, you should follow through with the consequence immediately.
Summer is a great season. It's the perfect time to go outdoors, take trips, and hang out at the beach. However, it can also mean boredom especially for children with ADHD.
ADHD, which stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, refers to a spectrum of behavior problems associated with poor attention span and excessive energy. If your kid has this condition, it's essential that you are able to structure his summer in such a way that he will find it fun and fulfilling. Here are some suggested activities you can try with your little one.
Bring your child to a campground, park or forest for a camping and hiking adventure. This is a great way to introduce the environment to your child and teach him the importance of nature conservation. Some local state parks also have summer activities for children. You and your child can partake in camping activities like hiking, trekking, bird watching, wildlife viewing, and fishing. All these outdoor activities would not only engage your child but also give him opportunities for close encounter with nature's best gifts.
Arts and Crafts
Another great idea is to plan a trip to the local hobby or craft store. Let your child choose an age-appropriate arts and crafts activity. Some of these stores even offer art lessons for children that are not only great for enhancing artistic skills and inciting the creative imagination but also for building social skills. You can also do the art lesson at home. Go online to find some exciting ideas for crafts that you can do with your child. See to it that you choose something that is easy and quick to do. Something complicated and overbearing may not be ideal for your child's short attention span.
There are plenty of sports that your child can try during summer. Children naturally love competition, but make sure he keeps it friendly at all times. Contact local park or recreation department to find out what kinds of sporting activities are offered. Some of the sports that can provide the best workout for the body include basketball, swimming, tennis, volleyball and soccer. Your child will also enjoy meeting new friends during these activities.
If your child is old enough to have a summer job, you may want to enlist him in a simple part-time volunteering job. This will teach him the value of helping others and not asking anything in exchange. It also builds his self-esteem as well as giving him something truly worthwhile to do.
It can also be a wonderful time to take a trip with your child and the entire family to a destination you've all been dreaming to visit. It could be a beach at the tropics or a theme park. Whatever the destination is, plan your trip right to ensure that your kid will have a fun and meaningful bonding time with the family. You can also make the trip educational by visiting historic and science museums, art venues, and so on.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that often results in attention problems and hyperactivity. The symptoms of ADHD are seen before the age of seven and can continue till adulthood. ADHD is the most commonly treated psychiatric disorder among children. And experts agree that it is two to four times more diagnosed among boys as compared to girls. ADHD can cause problem at home, school and workplace, and can even adversely affect relationships.
Studies and researches suggest that the brains of children suffering with ADHD work differently than the others. However the real cause of the disorder is yet to be discovered. Most importantly doctors claim the disease to be genetic.
- Lack of attention
- Disabilities while learning
- Sleep disorders
- The child gets easily distracted and dislikes tasks that require any kind of mental effort.
- Loses things easily and often makes repeated careless mistakes.
- Runs about and hates remaining seated.
- Has difficulties and fails to play quietly.
Signs and Tests
To bring more precision to determining whether a child has ADHD, additional guidelines are as follows:
- The child should be suffering with at least six symptoms among attention problems to be afflicted with ADHD before the age of seven.
- The symptoms must be noted at least for six months, in order to determine whether the problem is indeed ADHD or something else.
In older children, an evaluation by doctor is needed. It may include IQ testing, physiological evaluation and complete mental, physical and psychological examination.
- Setting up of target for goals to be achieved regarding medication and behavioral therapy.
- Immediate commencement of medication and behavioral therapy.
- Keep re-evaluating the diagnosis and also keep a check on how well the child is responding to the treatment.
- Keep a track of the possible side effects of the medication and set new goals and targets.
- Get in touch with teachers and fellow children for a detailed study of the behavioral pattern.
ADHD can be easily treated given the right diagnosis and proper care. Keep a track of your child's behavioral pattern, and give your child a healthy and happy living.
Most parents cringe at the thought of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). While the disorder may have an extremely long name, it does not necessarily condemn a child to live a life full of suffering and misery. Those with ADHD have been found to overcome the disorder as time passes enabling them to life healthy, wholesome lives. However, in order to do so, it is crucial that treatment be obtained as early as possible.
Background on ADHD
ADHD refers to a neurological condition that interferes with the person's ability to concentrate for long periods of time. This condition normally affects children, though it may pass on into adulthood, if left unchecked. Those with ADHD have been found to have difficulty controlling impulses and emotion, as well as managing their activity levels.
Most parents fail to understand that ADHD is a chronic condition. This means that the child will probably have the disorder for the rest of their lives. However, this should not be taken to mean that the child cannot live a normal life. With the right treatment, counseling, and a knowledgeable doctor, the possibilities of a great outcome are increased.
Treatment and Non-treatment
Children with ADHD have trouble coping with school, as well as having the patience to form meaningful relationships due to their inability to control impulses. Treatment of ADHD is geared towards helping resolve these issues.
The most common form of treatment is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Through this, the child is taught to look at the ADHD disorder in a more optimistic view rather than reflecting on its negative impacts. Through cognitive-behavioral therapy, the child is taught alternative ways to handle the symptoms of ADHD as they come. Studies indicate that children who receive this form of treatment tend to cope better than others who do not receive treatment.
Depending on the severity of the child's ADHD, a doctor may advise non-medicated treatment to help in treating the disorder. This is common with ADHD cases whereby the physical symptoms are not as severe as some others.
Some parents may leave the disorder completely unchecked and children in such situations often find it difficult to cope with life. It is the responsibility of every parent whose child suffers from ADHD to find a way of helping the child cope with the disorder. Over time, children who have successfully managed to cope with the disorder tend to outgrow out of it. Thus, they become adults that are more organized and successful.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a form of neurobehavioral developmental disorder that is characterized by hyperactivity, short attention span, and impulsiveness. It is the most common psychological problem diagnosed in children. But what's disturbing is the fact that 60 percent of these children continue having symptoms even after they grow up.
Children diagnosed with this problem have been found to perform poorly in school because they find it hard to concentrate on lectures or keep up with the routines of attending classes or doing homework. Many adults with ADHD, meanwhile, experience employment and relationship problems, difficulty in controlling emotional outburst, and chronic lateness and forgetfulness. They also have poor organizational skills, low frustration tolerance, and constant mood swings.
Coping with ADHD and hopefully treating it come in multiple aspects. Here are some pieces of practical information that any person with ADHD (or parent of a child with ADHD) should know about.
Diet for ADHD
Studies have shown that a person's diet has an effect on the condition of ADHD. Many health experts believe that foods that are good for brain function can help alleviate the symptoms of this problem. Eating a high-protein diet that includes cheese, meat, nuts and eggs can improve a person's ability to concentrate, and even help ADHD medications in taking effect.
Complex carbohydrates like fruits and vegetables can meanwhile help a person in getting rest and sleep. Omega 3 fatty acids that can be found in salmon, tuna, walnuts, olive oil and canola oil can also boost the brain and reduce forgetfulness, which is a common symptom of ADHD. It is best to avoid simple carbohydrates and sugar-packed food, which has been linked to hyperactivity.
Drug Treatment of ADHD
Medication is an important aspect of ADHD treatment. These drugs come in various forms and the most common way to classify them is according to effect duration. Some drugs are short acting and can provide immediate effect while others are more long lasting.
One of the most common medications for ADHD is the psychostimulant, which helps a person focus and ignore distractions. Examples of this class of drug include Adderall and Adderall XR, Concerta, Dexedrine, Focalin and Focalin XR, Metadate CD and Metadate ER, Methylin, Ritalin, Ritalin LA, Vyvanse, and Desoxyn.
Aside from stimulants, other forms of drugs have also been used to treat ADHD. Pamelor, Catapres, Tenex, Wellbutrin, and Effexor are few examples. It is imperative to consult your doctor first before taking in any medication.
Other Helpful Tips regarding ADHD
Parents of children with ADHD should impose consistent rules to be followed. Kids who follow these rules should be praised and rewarded to reinforce proper behavior. Avoid criticizing children with ADHD, as this would only aggravate the condition.
Instead, focus on practical discipline systems like time out or loss of privileges when a child engages in misbehavior. Since organization and concentration are also problematic areas, parents should help and encourage children with proper scheduling of routines, organization of everyday items, and mind-stimulating activities.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a nervous system condition that obviously explains itself as referring to one manifesting a lack of ability to pay attention or focus at any given length of time coupled with an increased energy for activity, as described by The American Psychiatric Association.
According to The National Institute of Mental Health, American children who suffer from ADHD is a good 3% to 5%. These have been accorded to factors such as hereditary, anxiety or stress provoking situations, prenatal trauma, lead poisoning, smoking during pregnancy, and allergies. In our world today, these factors are remarkably rampant and somehow the advent of ADHD is synonymous to modernism and fast paced life.
If you observe that your child loses focus easily and gets distracted from completing any task, talks nonstop and ruminates, loses things rather quickly, has poor attention span and memory lapse to name the most common, and gets lost into details, it might be a good idea to consult a physician and have your child tested. ADHD can bring about a number of behavioral and learning difficulties as well, making school an extra challenge as well as interpersonal relationships with family and friends. There were studies, however, that identify some ADHD sufferers to excel or be above average in creativity or a specific area of knowledge like music or arts and end up being great artists, painters, pianists, and even inventors or innovators.
Once diagnosis is made for a child to have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, most parents are faced with the challenge of doing away with their guilty feelings with regard to deciding whether or not to put their child on medication or prescription drugs to control ADHD. Ritalin is a popular drug used to control the signs and symptoms of ADHD and may in fact aid in helping the child cope with school and social functions.
The good news is that there is a highly efficient exercise as alternate for medications that is all natural without side-effects to handle the anxious behavior and mood swing symptoms of ADHD. This is called transcendental meditation as published in Current Issues in Education December issue by Sarina J. Grosswald from Arlington, Virginia. The study included 10 children with ages between 11 and 14 positively identified with diagnosis of ADHD. All these children attended schools for children with learning disabilities. Most of them were on medication already and experiencing some learning difficulties in school. Monitoring the effects of transcendental meditation in these children's lifestyles was the goal of the experiment. This meditation involves having the child sit quietly for 10 to 15 minutes while reiterating a mantra with their eyes closed. The mantra may contain a word or phrase, could be a sound, or a combination which influence calming effects on body and mind. The trick is to concentrate on repeating the word or sound to create a tranquilizing effect. The study has generally been proven to be effective with most of the children having less stress and anxiety, improved concentration and focus.