Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is characterized by obsessions which are repetitive thoughts that drive an individual to behave in a repetitive fashion. There are two noticeable reactions with this disorder. Conscious noticing of the disorder and efforts to stop them is one such reaction. The other is a complete oblivion to the factors and continuing to harbor the obsessions and compulsions. Regardless, both equally increase the distress and anxiety of the individual. This then heightens the urge into acts of compulsion in order to relieve the distress.
Most of the disorders are thematic, such as a phobia of something that you would normally not identify with. Even with the best effort, the cause is not clear and the recurring thoughts and activities become a ritual. The manifestations include following:
Compulsive Washers and Cleaners
This category comprises of people with the phobia of contamination. The individuals who suffer from this disorder spend a lot of time in grooming activities, e.g. showering, washing hands and house cleaning. This is usually harmful because they use harmful and strong chemicals to ensure cleanliness, thus harming their skin.
Checkers are people who check things as a normal routine. This includes appliances, doors and windows. They feel insecure as paranoia kicks in with the feat that a disaster may befall them if these checks are not done thoroughly. This triggers antisocial behaviors in the individual and makes them very timid.
Ordering and Symmetry Obsessions
They are obsessed with chronology and arrangement of things in order and specifics. They may be in terms of alpha numeric (number and alphabet), chromatic (by color), name and size. They believe perfection is achievable and strive to achieve it. If interfered with, they may get aggressive.
Hoarding or Saving
This is epitomised by accumulation and amassment of things that are of little or no value. These things do not necessarily have any sentimental and emotional attachment to the individual. They have the phobia arising from the possible loss of the item. What happens is they live in clutter, and it may be hazardous to them in the end.
This is very rooted in religion and beliefs. This is the phobia of offending a supernatural deity. This is usually manifested in religious rituals, confession and fasting over real or imagined problems. They become dependent on a member of clergy and need constant reassurance.