Infertility can be overcome with various treatment methods. If you and your partner have been attempting to conceive a child for over a year without success, then this means that you may have an infertility problem. You also have an infertility problem if you are above the age of 35, your period is irregular, and you haven’t conceived after trying for six months. Studies have shown that at least 50 percent of the couples who try infertility treatments will eventually be able to conceive.
It is equally important for men to be checked as well. Male infertility is as widespread as female infertility. In fact, male infertility accounts for about 40 percent of couples who are unable to conceive. Here are some common causes of male infertility:
• Malformed sperm
• Low sperm count
• Blocked sperm ducts
• Poor sperm motility
Meanwhile, female infertility is believed to affect another 40 percent of infertile couples. When it comes to the women, these are the common causes of infertility:
• Blocked fallopian tubes
• Irregular ovulation (release of eggs)
• Abnormalities in the cervix or uterus
As for the remaining 20 percent of couples who are infertile, doctors are unable to ascertain any causes.
Causes and Treatments
Sometimes it’s just a matter of poor timing. Women can schedule the timing of having sex and ovulation. An ovulation test can easily be bought at any drugstore counter. About 3 to 12 hours before an ovary sets an egg free, there will be a hormonal surge that can be detected by the test. However, if you have taken repeated tests and they never come out positive, then its time to see a doctor. Almost one-third of all infertility cases are cause by irregular ovulation.
A doctor may prescribe fertility drugs in order to normalize a woman’s ovulation. One popular drug is clomiphene citrate. It is also called Clomid and Serophene. These drugs do not cost a lot, and they work. It is estimated that around 50 percent of women who use clomiphene citrate will be able to conceive within three menstrual cycles. One bonus is that Clomid causes the ovaries to release multiple eggs. Thus, the possibility of a couple having twins or even triplets is increased.
If it has been determined that the woman is the one who has infertility problems and she still has not conceived after using clomiphene citrate for six months, a doctor may then advise her to start getting injected with fertility hormones. There are many such drugs available, and they can all cause women to ovulate. Again, of the women who are able to ovulate, about 50 percent succeed conceiving. Just like clomiphene citrate, one’s chances of bearing multiple babies are increased with injectable hormones.
Sometimes, a woman cannot conceive because her fallopian tubes have been blocked by scar tissue. This hinders eggs from reaching the ovary. Scarring of the fallopian tube can be due to endometriosis. This means that there is too much of the tissue that covers the uterus. Also, a woman’s fallopian tubes might be blocked due to previous surgical procedures or many pelvic infections. If this is the case, laparoscopic surgery can be used to take out the scar tissue.
And there’s In Vitro Fertilization ( IVF), a method of assisted reproduction where a man's sperm and the woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilization occurs. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the woman's uterus (womb) to implant and develop naturally.