Pyeloneuritis is generally defined as infection in the kidneys. Any infection in the kidneys needs speedy treatment. Otherwise, it can result in permanent kidney damage or spread of the infection into the bloodstream, both of which can be fatal.
Pathophysiology of Kidney Infections
Kidney infections do not usually originate in the kidneys. It commonly occurs as a secondary infection due to an infection in the urethra or urinary bladder. If the bladder or urethral infections are not treated, it will spread to the kidneys. Any signs of infection in the kidney should be taken seriously.
An increase in the frequency of urination along with excruciating pain on the sides of the upper abdomen is the main indicator of a kidney infection. Apart from that, you may also experience severe back pain and fever. The location of pain depends on which kidney is affected.
If your doctor suspects infection in the kidney, tests will be conducted to confirm the condition. Then, your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics depending on the severity of your condition.
This medicine comes under the category of fluoroquinolones. It is specially formulated to act on the bacteria in the kidneys and kill them. The recommended dosage is once daily taken with a meal.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid the use of Levequin. Also, people with any central nervous system disorders, and those with dizziness, anxiety, hallucinations, confusion and fainting episodes must also avoid this drug.
It is also not recommended for patients with nervous disorders.
Moreover, the drug is contraindicated in cases of rheumatoid arthritis, and liver and kidney problems.
Like any other medicine, Levequin may or may not cause side effects. The most common side effects are permanent liver damage, variations in heart rhythm, infections in the intestine, and a sudden increase or decrease in the level of blood sugar. It can also cause serious allergic reactions which will require immediate medical attention.
This is a very common drug used in the treatment of bacterial infections. It destroys the cells of the bacteria.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women must discuss the risks with their doctor before taking the medication. It is also contraindicated in patients with kidney problems. The common side effects of cephalexin include fever, nausea, headache and vomiting.
This medicine comes under the category of Sulfa drugs. It also kills the bacteria and gets rid of the infection. It may or may not cause side effects such as headache, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. The drug is contraindicated in pregnant and breastfeeding women, as well as in people with kidney or liver problems.