Common Eye Problems and How to Treat Them

Many of us will experience eye problems from time to time. While most of these are minor and temporary, there are those that are serious and can lead to permanent loss of vision. Because of this, it is important to have your eyes checked once in a while by an eye doctor or ophthalmologist. This way, you can be sure that your eyes stay in tiptop health. It would also help to learn about common eye problems and vital information about them.

Amblyopia
This is a childhood eye problem that occurs in people who have one eye weaker than the other is. In this condition, the brain opts to take in images from the stronger eye while ignoring the other one. When this happens, the weak eye is not able to work and eventually does not develop properly.

The problem usually begins from birth to about the age of 7 years old. A child won't even notice that he/she is using only one eye because the brain's action of taking images from the strong eye is an automatic response by which your child has no control over. Treatment can reverse the condition if started at an early age. Eyeglasses and contact lenses can help in the condition. An ophthalmologist would devise a treatment plan to cure this condition.

Cataract
Cataract refers to clouded vision, wherein the lenses of the eyes are impaired. This condition usually occurs in people who are 65 years and older. There are different types of cataract, which include age-related cataract, congenital cataract, secondary cataract, and traumatic cataract.

Age-related cataract, as the term implies, develops as part of aging process.

Congenital type is inborn. Babies are born with this condition as a result of poor development or infection while inside the womb.

Secondary type is a result of a medical condition, certain drugs, toxic substances, radiation, or UV light.

Traumatic cataract is formed after the eye sustains an injury.

Cataract is treated with a cataract surgery, which involves removal of the clouded eye lenses and replacing them with artificial cloud-free lenses. Consult your doctor right away if you experience blurry visions.

Color Blindness
In this disorder, a person has difficulty distinguishing colors like red, green, blue or a combination of these. It's quite rare that a person doesn't see any color at all. Color vision problem makes it difficult for a person to do well in school and work.

This problem is usually genetic and present since birth. This type of color blindness cannot be treated or corrected. Those that have been acquired can be cured but it still depends on the cause. For instance, if the problem is caused by cataract, removing the clouded lenses of the eyes can bring back proper color vision.

Conjunctivitis
More commonly known as pinkeye, this condition involves the inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the thin and clear tissue found on the white part of the eye.

Treatment of this eye problem depends on the cause.

If the cause is bacterial, it can be cured using antibiotics that may come in the form of ointment, pill or eye drop.

If it is a result of a virus, you need to control the virus to get rid of the pinkeye. It is also a must to wash hands frequently and avoid hand contact with other people.

If the pinkeye is caused by allergens, you need to get rid of the allergic reaction and stay away from the allergen to treat the pinkeye.

 


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