The pill is one of the most popular methods used for birth control. This hormonal contraceptive has long been used by women who want to delay or prevent pregnancy. However, up to now, many still have a lot of questions with regards to the use of this pill. Below, you will find some of the most common questions about this form of birth control and the answers that will shed light on your concerns.
How Does the Pill Work?
A woman becomes pregnant when egg released from her ovary is fertilized by a man's sperm. When this happens, the fertilized egg then attaches to the womb. It develops into a baby while receiving nourishment. The hormones in the body of the woman regulates the release of the egg. These hormones are also responsible for preparing the body to receive the fertilized egg. When a woman takes on a pill, which contains synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones, the body's cyclical hormones are inhibited. The pill stops the body from releasing the egg while thickening the cervical mucus so that the womb will become unsuitable for implantation.
What are the Different Types of Birth Control Pills?
Birth control pills come in two types - combination and mini pills.
- The combination pills contain both estrogen and progestin.
Combination pills come in either conventional pack or continuous dosing (extended cycle).
The conventional pack has 21 active pills and seven inactive pills (Or it can also have 24 active pills and four inactive pills). Bleeding takes place when you take the inactive pills.
In the continuous dosing, the pack contains 84 active pills and seven inactive pills.
Bleeding occurs only four times a year when the inactive pills are taken.
Combination pills can also be monophasic, which means each pill has the same amount of progestin and estrogen, or multiphasic with varying amounts of hormones.
- The mini pills contain only progestin.
The mini pill just comes in one type and formulation.
Each pill in this pack is active.
Where Can I Buy Birth Control Pills?
Birth control pills can be purchased in pharmacies but only with a doctor's prescription. This means you need to consult your doctor first before you go into this birth control method.
How Do I Take Birth Control Pills?
You should ask your doctor when you should begin. Take the pills at the same time each day either before you eat breakfast or before you go to bed.
You start with a new pack the day after you take your last pill from your first pack if you are using a 28-day pill pack.
If you are using a 21-day pill pack, start the pack seven days after your last pill from the first pack.
How Effective Are Pills?
Combination pills are effective 99.9 percent while the mini pills have a 95 percent effectiveness rate. This rate is true only if you are able to take all the pills in the pack.
What Happens if I Miss a Pill?
Take the pill as soon as you remember. If you missed one pill and remembered the next day, take two pills. If you forgot to take the pills for two days, take two pills on the day that you remember and another two pills on the next day. Call your doctor if you missed more than two pills. It's possible to get pregnant if you forgot to take a pill so be sure to use another form of birth control until you're finished with the pack. No pregnancy will occur if the missed pill is any one of the inactive pills.
Does the Pill have Side Effects?
Yes. Side effects include nausea, weight gain, swollen breasts, spotting and mood changes. If you experience abdominal pain, chest pain, severe headache, or eye problems, be sure to contact your doctor right away.