Burn Injuries can be prevented with little safety precautions. It's not just the big house fire that can hurt and injure people. So do small flames like what are typically found in the kitchen. Overexposure to sunlight can also result in a type of burn, which is sunburn. Safety precautions can help prevent different kinds of burns from kitchen burns to scalding to even sunburn. Below, you'll find preventive measures for these burns as well as basic information on first aid treatment.
Most accidental burns happen inside the kitchen. Make your kitchen a safer place by having a fire blanket handy. Install a wet chemical fire extinguisher to curb grease fires before they get worse. Do not allow children to play inside the kitchen. Never leave pots and pans cooking on the stove unattended even if you think you'd only be gone for a second. All combustible and flammable items should be placed away from heat sources like the stove.
If you or anyone in the family suffers a burn in the kitchen:
- Immediately run cool water over the burn.
- Soak the burned area in cool water and wrap with a cold wet towel.
- After that, cover the burn using a sterile bandage. If you don't have one at home, use a clean cloth instead.
- Be sure to protect the burn from pressure.
- Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief.
- Call the doctor for severe cases or if there are any signs of infection.
- Do not make the mistake of using the old home remedies like butter, cream or oil spray for treating burns.
Another common burn that happens inside the home is scald burn. Scalding injures thousands of people every year. Most of the victims are children who are more likely to suffer from this having thinner skin than adults.
To protect yourself and your family against scalding:
- Always test the bath water before placing your child.
- Never leave your child unattended during bath time.
- When cooking, pot handles should be turned toward the center of the stove to avoid tipping the pots over.
- Never use the microwave in warming baby bottles, as this heats unevenly and can scald your baby's mouth.
- Don't keep hot liquids at the edge of tables and counters.
To treat scalds:
- Remove clothing that was wet from the hot liquid.
- Run the injured area under tap water for at least 30 minutes.
- Do not make the mistake of applying ice as this can only inhibit blood flow.
- Do not make the mistake of using butter or salves to treat scald injuries.
Sunburn is not as serious as kitchen burns or scalding on the onset, but this doesn't mean you shouldn't pay attention to it. Remember, skin cancer is caused by repeated sunburns.
To prevent sunburn:
- Wear sunscreen with sun protection factor of at least 30 with UVA and UVB shield.
- Reapply sunscreen every two hours.
- Also wear hat and sunglasses.
- Stay out of the sun during the hottest hours of the day.
To relieve sunburn:
- Take ibuprofen to reduce inflammation and pain.
- You can also apply hydrocortisone cream thrice a day to tone down the swelling and alleviate itchiness.
- If there are any blisters, trim off the dead skin with scissors but don't forget to apply antibiotic treatment.
- Take cool baths or apply wet compresses on your skin many times a day.