Many people diagnosed with dsyphoric mania find it hard to come to terms with the disorder. Dsyphoric mania can be compared to bipolar disorder as in some ways they are quite similar. However, it differs in several ways. Dsyphoric mania is characterized as an illness whereby the affected person exhibits manic and depression episodes at a startling rate. Sometimes one can cycle through both episodes in a week. Thus, it is important for the person affected to know what the symptoms of the illness are, as well as the diagnosis criteria and the treatment options.
Symptoms of Dsyphoric Mania
Persons with dsyphoric mania tend to exhibit symptoms of two natures: mania and depression. At times, these may overlap and occur simultaneously. Common symptoms of the illness include abundant energy and happiness, agitation that may quickly turn into rage, constant sadness and bouts of crying, complete fatigue, as well as suicidal thoughts. Unfortunately, it has been published that persons who suffer from this disease are more likely to act on these suicidal thoughts. Moreover, as the illness progresses, the person may have hallucinations or delusions and may lose or gain a lot of weight. More commonly, persons with the illness tend to take up substance abuse.
Treating Dsyphoric Mania
When compared to other types of bipolar disorder, dsyphoric mania is harder to treat. There are several approaches that have been used to treat dysphoric mania. Common treatments include psychotherapy and medication, and in rare cases, electroconvulsive therapy.
In terms of medication, common medications used to treat the illness are mood stabilizers and anti-psychotics. The two are normally prescribed hand in hand. While mood stabilizers help in controlling mood changes, the difficulty with treating this illness is dealing with the contradictory symptoms of mania and depression, simultaneously. In some cases, antidepressants may trigger mania in these patients.
The two common medications used are lithium and Depakote. Lithium is used as a long-term treatment for mania. Depakote, an anti-convulsion drug, is used to treat sudden onset mania. A common anti-psychotic treatment is the medication Zyprexa. One should consult a reputable professional before selecting any form of treatment.