When you feel that intense pounding on your forehead, you cannot help but feel even more anxious and stressed. Sometimes, you can easily determine what's causing the problem. But there are times when you don't know why your head is throbbing painfully. The key to dealing with headaches efficiently is to determine the trigger. Here are some common provokers and ways to deal with them.
Did you know that 80 percent of all migraines are caused by stress? That is according to a study in the journal Cephalalgia. This happens because of the fluctuations in the cortisol and adrenaline that can lead to pain and nausea. Another way of looking at it is that stress makes you clench your jaw and neck muscles. This brings pain that sets off tension headaches. To tame this trigger, practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, massage and meditation.
A dip in estrogen levels before menstrual period can usually lead to migraines. Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause can also trigger headaches. To relieve this, take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen and ibuprofen at least two days before your period. If you're pregnant, you can ask your doctor for a pain-relief plan.
Change in Weather
Many people experience pain when temperature shoots up. This is according to a study in the journal Neurology. Other than that, changes in the density of air in the atmosphere can also cause sinus headaches. Tame this trigger by having an NSAID on hand to take when a headache attacks.
How often does it happen that you feel pain in the head after you sniff on some perfume? That is because the trigeminal nerve has projections in the nose lining that when your nose detects noxious smell, it releases substances that produce headaches. Because of this, it would be a good idea to avoid using perfume or any other product that contains perfume. For example, instead of buying scented soaps, candles or cleaning products, go for those that do not have any scent.
The trigeminal nerve that produces headaches can be set off by bright light such as that from fluorescent bulbs, computers, or the sun. At home, it would be smart to install bulbs with warm light. Energy-efficient CFLs and LED lights have warm light varieties that won't trigger headaches. For the computer, place a non-glare screen and limit usage time. Wear sunglasses with UV protection before going out into the sun.
Foods that contain the amino acid tyramine (red wine) and phenylalanine (chocolates) as well as nitrates like hotdogs, cold cuts, and other processed meats can also cause painful headaches. These substances cause blood vessels to constrict. The result is migraine. Avoid pain by eating healthy diet and avoiding these foods and drinks as much as possible.