Emergency Preparedness and hazard awareness are needed in case of any emergency. People who are well informed about how to manage emergency situations are most likely to be ready in such events.
Being prepared can decrease fear and anxiety, and it will allow you to think clearly on what actions to take to get out of trouble. You should know what to do in case of any fire, flood, earthquake, storm, or any other natural or man-made disaster. With proper knowledge, people would know what to do in order to stay away from danger.
Disasters happen all year round and many lives are disrupted because of them. If a disaster occurs in your place or community, local rescuers may reach you, but it may not be immediate. You should be self sufficient for at least three days. This means providing your own shelter, food, water, first aid, and sanitation.
Once a disaster strikes, the things that you need to do are the following:
Before moving or jumping into action, allow yourself to breathe and take time to think. This is very hard if you are anxious and in panic, which will not bring you any good. You need to think of what to do to get you out of danger.
Assess the Scene
The next thing you need to do is assess and survey the scene. Before you start moving, look around your surroundings. You need to see if there are any potential falling objects or gas leaks, or if the path you will take will be safe before you evacuate. You should also see if your family is harmed and need medical attention. There will be many things you need to pay attention to and the most important is to spot immediate danger.
After you assess the situation, you need to take immediate action. If you are well informed, you will be able to take action such as providing and applying first aid kits – for emergency preparedness, you should be informed by attending/studying safety programs and listening to safety campaigns.
In cases where you get stuck in one place for several hours or days, you must be able to provide yourself and your family food, water, lighting and clothing materials to keep everyone warm. Preparing for communication is also a big help. When electricity is out, you can call for help through satellite radios. These are just some of the things you will learn from emergency preparedness plans and sessions.
Look for a Safe Shelter
After taking action, if evacuating is possible you need to look for a place where you will be able to find people who can help you. If you have a car, you can stay in your car or drive to the nearest rescue assistance.
Good emergency preparedness means being well informed on what to do, staying calm, and providing yourself with a kit that contains water, food, heat, shelter, medical kit and first aid kit. You should plan to have this at home, in your car and in your office. Being prepared does not mean that you need to be scared. In fact, when you are prepared, you provide yourself comfort with a secured feeling that you and your family will most likely survive emergency situations because you have the means to do so.