Female Genital Mutilation

It may be overly shocking to know that in some parts of the world, being a female is perceived as a curse and that every female should be deprived of the pleasures and privileges worthy of a human being. One of the most inhumane practices done to females is the genital mutilation. This has garnered such strong oppositions especially from human rights advocates and feminist organizations all around the world.

The Origin of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), female genital mutilation is the process wherein there is partial or total removal of the external female genitalia. It also refers to the other types of injury to the female genital organs for cultural and other non-therapeutic reasons. The United Nations (UN) has estimated that around four girls are mutilated per minute on a daily basis. People need to be aware of this event happening in order to make them help in the protection of women and girls and make the number of mutilations reach zero. Organizations are now advocating for the abolishment of this practice. Over the last one thousand years, female genital mutilation has been a custom in Northern Africa. In the recent decades, it has also been practiced in western and southern Africa.

Female genital mutilation traces its origin in the early period of Roman and Islamic expansion. The Romans and the Muslims agreed to train and force the invaded Africans to mutilate girls and women to further suppress them in terms of leadership character development and family building. The conquerors allowed the normal development of all the body parts of both men and women which can be used for work. The conquerors threatened all females of death or the forbiddance to marry if anyone would not undergo the process of mutilation. In the recent centuries, this practice has been abandoned in Islamic countries but carried out further within European nations to propagate male supremacist conceptions, stating that only males have the right to experience pleasure from sex. Also, the practice aims to prevent any personal pleasure without a man’s permission.

The Current Situation
With the escalating disgust and opposition to such inhumane practice done to women and girls, individuals and organizations are coming together to launch a strong campaign against FGM and penalize the perpetrators of this procedure. In recent history, some countries where female genital mutilation has been practiced have already passed laws that forbid the procedure especially on children. These countries are Egypt, Kenya, Djibouti, Ghana, Senegal, Togo, Burkina Faso, France, Sudan, Sweden, Uganda, New Zealand, Canada, England and the United States.

It is a positive sign that these decrees have been passed and implemented as laws, but a law can only be effective if there is belief that a crime is committed. These laws are often only ignored by people. When people operate within the law, when the victim has the courage to report the crime and the law enforcement is done, only then the justice can be served.

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