Rashes are more common than you think. In fact, there are plenty of noninfectious rashes that can be treated with the use of hydrocortisone topical ointments for a few days. Below you'll find some of the most common types of skin rashes.
• Seborrheic Dermatitis
This is the most common form of rash that affects adults. In this skin problem, there are red scaly eruptions that emerge on the scalp, forehead, brows, cheeks and ears. These make the skin look greasy and scaly.
• Atopic Dermatitis
Also referred to as eczema, this is a common childhood skin problem that involves red, itchy rashes on the elbows, back of knees, cheeks, neck, wrists, and ankles. People who have asthma and hay fever are prone to this skin condition.
• Contact Dermatitis
This develops after exposure to a certain chemical that a person is allergic to. Rashes that appear on the skin are weepy and oozy. They usually only appear on the part of the skin that came into contact with the irritating substance. Some examples are poison ivy allergy or reaction to costume jewelry that contains nickel.
• Diaper Rash
This one is prevalent among infants. It's a form of contact dermatitis that occurs among babies whose skins are in contact with feces and urine for too long.
• Stasis Dermatitis
Weepy and oozy dermatitis, this one appears on the lower legs of people who have chronic swelling due to poor blood circulation in the veins.
This condition is characterized by bumpy and scaly eruptions on the scalp, elbows and knees. It generally leads to silvery flakes of skin that fall off after some time.
• Nummular Eczema
In this skin condition, you'll see coin-shaped plaques appearing on the skin during winter time. Many experts say that it is linked to extreme dryness of the skin.
Most of these rashes are not dangerous to the patient or the people around him/her since it is not infectious. Some of these can get better on their own and can leave without any treatment. However, some are more serious like psoriasis and would require more intensive treatment. For the other skin conditions, you can control the symptoms using nonprescription remedies such as:
• Anti-itch creams containing camphor, menthol, pramoxine or diphenhydramine (Itch-X, Sarna Sensitive, and Benadryl)
• Antihistamines such as chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton), diphenhydramine (see above), loratadine (Claritin, Claritin RediTabs, Alavert) and cetirizine (Zyrtec)
• Moisturizing lotions (Aveeno) to keep the skin from drying and flaking
If none of these measures help, it's vital to see the doctor for consultation. Although it was mentioned earlier that many of these skin conditions are not that serious, it doesn't mean that you should ignore them.