Child abuse leaves damages that last longer than broken bones or bruises. No child should ever be a victim of abuse but sadly, the number of child abuse rate is growing higher each year. It doesn't only include physical abuse but also emotional neglect, which can be just as traumatic.
Types of Child Abuse
• Physical Abuse
This is the most commonly known form of abuse. When you say the term child abuse, people automatically associate it with physical harm. But this is actually just one type. This one is also the most evident. Involving physical harm to a child, it results in bruises and injuries. There's a thin line that separates physical punishment as discipline from abuse.
• Emotional Abuse
Although this type of abuse doesn't result in bruises or other physical signs of injuries, the trauma can result in lifelong scarring. These include:
- constant shaming
- name calling
- frequent yelling
- silent treatment
• Child Neglect
Failure to provide a child's basic needs such as food, clothing or guidance falls under the category of child neglect, which is the most commonly practiced form of child abuse.
• Sexual Abuse
This is the most complicated type of child abuse because of the guilt and shame associated with it. Exposing a child to sexual materials and forcing or convincing a child to engage in sexual intercourse are some examples of this type of abuse.
Effects on Children
• Lack of Trust
In a child's world, the parents are the first persons to trust. If the abuse comes from the parent, the child will grow up having extreme difficulty trusting other people. This often leads to unhealthy relationships.
• Feelings of Worthlessness
If a child is constantly told that he/she is stupid or worthless, he/she will grow up thinking that is so. Abused children often grow up feeling incompetent, having very low self-esteem.
• Trouble with Emotions
Many abused children don't have the capability to express their emotions the right way. They struggle with depression, anger, anxiety and so on. They usually turn to alcohol or drugs to resolve feelings of uneasiness and anxiety.
• Anti-Social Behavior
Children who suffer from any form of abuse are likely to adopt anti-social behavior. They don't mingle with other children. They don't form friendships or bonds in fear that it would be discovered that they are victims of abuse.
• Problems in School
When there is emotional turmoil going inside a child as a result of abuse, he/she would find it extremely hard to concentrate on school work and activities. Abused children lack in enthusiasm for school activities.
• Fear of Adults
Since the abuse comes from an adult, an abused child will have fear of adults. Some even experience anxiety attacks when they see or get close to another adult.
• Distorted Sexual Perception
Victims of child sexual abuse grow up having distorted views on sexual activity. If not given proper attention, a child may grow up to become a sexual predator him/herself.