Kidney Cyst: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Kidney Cyst should not cause you too much worries. Simple cysts in the kidneys are round pouches containing fluids. They are non-cancerous and they rarely cause complications. Normally, you may find them on the surface of a kidney, although they can occur as multiple cysts and affect both kidneys.

The UK National Kidney Federation says that a normal kidney can have up to five cysts, and, while the occurrence of more than five cysts is abnormal, it is still not a sign of a serious disease.

Causes
The reasons for the formation of cysts are not fully understood. In fact, many resources do not give a clear explanation as to what probably the reason is for their formation. The condition is more common to people over the age of 70, and genetics has nothing to do with it.

Meanwhile, the UK National Kidney Federation attributes this formation to the swelling of the blood vessels brought about by the filtering action of the kidneys. As we all know, the kidneys function as filters of the body’s toxins. Swelling can occur when one of the tubes connecting the filters expand, which in turn could form into cysts.

Symptoms
Generally, people who have simple kidney cysts feel or see no symptoms. In fact, most are discovered during a CT scan or an ultrasound done for a reason other than checking for the presence of these small fluid pouches. While those with simple kidney cysts are found to have high blood pressure, there is no clear relationship between the two conditions.

There are cases however when pain occurs especially when the cysts are enlarged or are pressing other organs. The pain may be felt on the sides, at the back, or the upper abdomen. There are also situations when the cysts bleed and become infected. When an infection occurs, the person may experience fever, chills and other signs of infection. It is a rare occasion, however, that kidney functions are impaired.

Treatments
No treatment is needed for kidney symptoms that present no complications.

– ultrasonography
If it shows that the cysts are symptomatic, some physicians encourage their patients to have their cysts punctured with the use of a long needle in a procedure called ultrasonography. In this procedure, the cysts are drained and then filled with alcohol-containing solution to make the tissues harder.

– laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is recommended to those who have large cysts. After draining the cysts, the surgeon removes them from the body or burns away the outer tissues to keep them from reforming.

While the risk of these cysts developing into more serious complications is rare, if you have signs or symptoms that worry you, it may be time to visit the doctor to rule out the more complex type of kidney cyst.

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