Knocked Out Teeth? Restore Your Pretty Smile

Do you have a pretty smile? If yes, then you shouldn't let knocked out teeth ruin it.

Tooth Composition
Children have about 20 baby teeth while adults have 32 permanent teeth. Each tooth is made of calcium and other organic components. It comes in three layers:
- enamel
- dentin
- pulp

Each of these layers has a specific role to play:
• The enamel is the protective layer on top. It's a hard coating, which is actually the hardest substance in the body.
• The dentine is beneath the enamel, and that's where you'll find most parts of the tooth.
• The pulp is the innermost layer. It is where the nerve fibers and blood supply can be found. The nerve fibers are responsible for pain and temperature sensation while the blood supply keeps the tooth nourished.

Also, the tooth is two-parts:
- crown
- root

• The crown is the visible area that you can see when you open your mouth.
• The root is what extends beneath the gum line.

Dental Injuries
Dental injuries are not only painful but also serious as these can cause permanent damage to the teeth. Broken teeth can be caused by falls, sports activities, physical abuse, car accident or assaults.

• Effects of Dental Injuries
Dental injuries such as broken or knocked-out tooth are usually accompanied by toothache and jaw pain. Some people complain of pain after chewing or if there is change in temperature. There may also be isolated bleeding from the mouth, facial swelling, change in the color of the tooth, or cuts on the lips or cheeks. It's best to seek your dentist's help right away to restore your beautiful smile. Get medical attention if you experience trouble breathing, persistent bleeding, severe pain, fever and facial swelling.

• Knocked Out Tooth, First Aid, and Transporting
If you were involved in an accident that knocked out your tooth, ensure that you don't have any limb- or life-threatening injury before you focus on your tooth. Remember that while dental injuries can wait, those that involve major parts of the body like limbs or the head cannot wait and require immediate medical care.

In cases where the tooth was completely knocked out, be quick to rinse it off with water. But don't scrub it as this can damage the top layer of the tooth. Hold it by the crown, and never at the root, to avoid damage to the ligaments. Transport the tooth to the doctor or dentist in saliva, milk or saline.

You can also place the tooth between the gum line and cheek of the person or any other adult who's willing to do that. The mouth is actually the best place for keeping the tooth as it can help keep the root moist and protected against bacteria. But don't do this for children to avoid choking accident. A child can easily swallow the tooth and choke.

Also, avoid transporting the tooth dry as this can cause damage in just a few minutes. It's also not recommended to transport it in water. If there is bleeding from the socket, rinse the mouth with water. Then place a tissue or gauze on the socket. Bite down on it so the pressure can stop the bleeding.

 


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