Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a form of neurobehavioral developmental disorder that is characterized by hyperactivity, short attention span, and impulsiveness. It is the most common psychological problem diagnosed in children. But what’s disturbing is the fact that 60 percent of these children continue having symptoms even after they grow up.
Children diagnosed with this problem have been found to perform poorly in school because they find it hard to concentrate on lectures or keep up with the routines of attending classes or doing homework. Many adults with ADHD, meanwhile, experience employment and relationship problems, difficulty in controlling emotional outburst, and chronic lateness and forgetfulness. They also have poor organizational skills, low frustration tolerance, and constant mood swings.
Coping with ADHD and hopefully treating it come in multiple aspects. Here are some pieces of practical information that any person with ADHD (or parent of a child with ADHD) should know about.
Diet for ADHD
Studies have shown that a person’s diet has an effect on the condition of ADHD. Many health experts believe that foods that are good for brain function can help alleviate the symptoms of this problem. Eating a high-protein diet that includes cheese, meat, nuts and eggs can improve a person’s ability to concentrate, and even help ADHD medications in taking effect.
Complex carbohydrates like fruits and vegetables can meanwhile help a person in getting rest and sleep. Omega 3 fatty acids that can be found in salmon, tuna, walnuts, olive oil and canola oil can also boost the brain and reduce forgetfulness, which is a common symptom of ADHD. It is best to avoid simple carbohydrates and sugar-packed food, which has been linked to hyperactivity.
Drug Treatment of ADHD
Medication is an important aspect of ADHD treatment. These drugs come in various forms and the most common way to classify them is according to effect duration. Some drugs are short acting and can provide immediate effect while others are more long lasting.
One of the most common medications for ADHD is the psychostimulant, which helps a person focus and ignore distractions. Examples of this class of drug include Adderall and Adderall XR, Concerta, Dexedrine, Focalin and Focalin XR, Metadate CD and Metadate ER, Methylin, Ritalin, Ritalin LA, Vyvanse, and Desoxyn.
Aside from stimulants, other forms of drugs have also been used to treat ADHD. Pamelor, Catapres, Tenex, Wellbutrin, and Effexor are few examples. It is imperative to consult your doctor first before taking in any medication.
Other Helpful Tips regarding ADHD
Parents of children with ADHD should impose consistent rules to be followed. Kids who follow these rules should be praised and rewarded to reinforce proper behavior. Avoid criticizing children with ADHD, as this would only aggravate the condition.
Instead, focus on practical discipline systems like time out or loss of privileges when a child engages in misbehavior. Since organization and concentration are also problematic areas, parents should help and encourage children with proper scheduling of routines, organization of everyday items, and mind-stimulating activities.