Medications for an Overactive Bladder

Overactive Bladder (Incontinence) is a condition wherein a person frequently experiences a strong urge to urinate. Most of the time, this urge to urinate is uncontrollable and can lead to embarrassing situations. This condition can be treated with several types of medicines.

Ditropan
Ditropan is generically known as oxybutynin. It stops an overactive bladder by reducing the spasms created by the muscles of the bladder. This drug has a number of side effects which include dizziness, nausea, stomach pain, insomnia, weakness, drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, dry eyes and diarrhea. Ditropan is not recommended if the patient is unable to urinate, has an intestinal blockage, or has uncontrolled glaucoma.

Toviaz
Toviaz is generically known as fesoterodine. By relaxing the muscles of the bladder, it reduces the urge to urinate. Common side effects of this drug include dry eyes/mouth/throat, constipation, cough and back pain. Toviaz is also linked with a difficulty in completely emptying the bladder and should be used with caution in people with liver or kidney diseases, problems with urinating, glaucoma, severe constipation and muscle weakness. This drug is not recommended for people who have blockages in the urinary tract or untreated glaucoma.

VESIcare
Solifenacin succinate is the generic chemical name for VESIcare. It stops an overactive bladder also by relaxing the muscles of the bladder. VESIcare alleviates symptoms such as urine leakage, frequent urination and urinary urgency. Common side effects of this drug include blurred vision, constipation, dry eyes, weakness, stomach pain and fatigue. Caution should be practiced in taking this drug for people with blockages in the intestine and people who have problems with urinating. VESIcare is not recommended for people who have kidney or muscle diseases, as well as men with enlarged prostates.

Detrol
Detrol, as well as Detrol LA, is generically known as tolterodine. This drug also treats the symptoms of an overactive bladder. Common side effects of this drug include dry eyes, constipation, stomach pain, drowsiness, dizziness, headache and blurred vision. People who have gastric or urinary retention should avoid taking this drug. People with kidney, liver, stomach and intestinal diseases should practice caution when using this drug. Caution should also be practiced in taking this drug for people who have abnormal heart rhythms and enlarged prostates.

Enablex
Enablex is generically known as darifenacin. It treats incontinence by reducing muscle spasms in the urinary tract and bladder. Common side effects of this drug include dry eyes, stomach pain, flu-like symptoms, dizziness, weakness, nausea, headache painful urination or being unable to urinate and excessive thirst. Caution should be practiced when taking this drug by people with glaucoma, ulcerative colitis, intestinal blockages or muscle problems.

 


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