Most Common Mental Disorders in Adults

Most people are stigmatized by the term "mental disorder". In some cultures, having any type of mental disorder causes the person to be ostracized and evaded by people. It is important to define what mental disorder means to inform people that this condition should not be made fun of or treated differently.

Mental Disorders refer to the conditions which disrupt people's feelings, thinking, daily functioning, moods and the capacity to interact with other people. These are biologically-based and not related to a person's intelligence or personality. Mental disorders result from the decreasing ability to cope up with the things happening within the surroundings.

Types of Mental Disorders
There is a wide variety of mental disorders that can affect an individual. The most severe is the condition that starts with major depression followed by schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and bipolar disorder that leads to borderline personality disorder. In the United States, around six percent of the population suffer from serious mental disorders. Statistics also show that one in every five family members can be affected by one severe mental disorder.

The World Health Organization has reported that four of the top ten leading causes of disability in the U.S. are some mental illnesses. Also, it is projected that when the year 2020 comes, depressive illnesses will become the number one cause of disability for both women and children in all parts of the world.

People at Risk
Mental disorders do not choose who to affect. As a matter of fact, an individual of any gender, age, religion or race can have any of the mental disorders. Experts have discovered that disorders or illnesses connected to mental activities can strike people even in the prime of their lives. Moreover, they have pointed out that the young and the elderly are the most vulnerable groups.

How Mental Disorders are Treated
People usually perceive mental illnesses as incurable. But in fact, these can be treated. People who have been diagnosed with serious mental disorders may also experience relief from the symptoms by undergoing a treatment plan designed by therapists and doctors.

At present, there is a wide array of services to deal with mental disorders, some of which are:

- cognitive behavioral therapy
- interpersonal therapy
- cognitive behavioral therapy
- medication treatment
- peer support groups
- community-based services

When Mental Disorder is Left Untreated
When left untreated, mental disorders can lead to staggering consequences not only for the affected individual but also for the society. Homelessness, incarceration, substance abuse, suicide and wasted lives are all results of untreated mental disorders.

 


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