Dysuria is a medical term used to describe painful urination. Although it is generally harmless, it can definitely be a source of discomfort for the person suffering it. Dysuria is most commonly experienced by women, although it can also occur in men. The symptoms can be caused by a number of medical conditions, which include infections in the urinary tract.
What Causes Painful Urination?
Painful urination, or dysuria, is most commonly caused by urinary tract infections. Kidney problems such as infections may be a cause for dysuria. In men, enlarged prostate glands or inflamed urethra can be cause for painful urination. The formation of stones, either bladder stones or kidney stones, can also cause dysuria. Other possible medical conditions where dysuria is a symptom are sexually transmitted diseases (genital herpes or Chlamydia), yeast infections (vaginitis) and cancer. Sometimes using personal care products can cause dehydration and create painful urination.
Dysuria – How Is It Diagnosed?
In order to correctly conclude whether one is currently experiencing dysuria, some factors need to be considered. The primary basis for diagnosing it is the pain or burning sensation that is felt when urinating. Sometimes it is accompanied by an increase in the frequency of urinating. Being unable to control the bladder, or incontinence, is also another possible sign of dysuria. In women, during sexual intercourse, the presence of discharge that is foul smelling can be a sign.
Other signs that may point to the disorder include chills and irritation in the area close to the urethra’s opening. Aside from evaluating the physical symptoms, a few tests will be done to correctly diagnose dysuria. The tests include urinalysis (urine test) and tests for STDs. A blood test may also be done in order to check for bacterial infections. The doctor will also ask about diet, sexual activities, history and the symptoms that are being experienced. These questions will aid the doctor in finding out the underlying cause of pain when urinating.
What is the Treatment for Painful Urination?
Since dysuria is usually a symptom for an underlying medical condition, treating the cause will also treat the pain during urination. The most common treatment given is antibiotics. For yeast infections, anti-fungal medications are given. Dysuria in itself has very minimal complications. What may cause serious complications however, is the underlying condition which is causing the painful urination. To prevent the symptom from becoming worse, it is better to consult a doctor about it.