Chronic Lower Back Pain is often dismissed as nothing serious. Many people usually ignore the condition until it becomes too painful to bear. But it’s important to know what causes this ailment, so that if you experience lower back pain yourself, you’d know that you must take it seriously.
Lower back pain can be caused by any or a combination of the following:
• Injury or overuse of muscles, joints (facet joints and sacroiliac joints), and ligaments.
• Tension on the nerve roots found in the spinal canal.
The compression in the nerve roots can be due to:
- Herniated disc
This is caused by repeated motion or vibration (use of machinery, improper lifting, or sport activity) or by sudden strain or pressure at the lower back.
A joint degenerative disease that develops with age. In this condition, the small facet joints in the spine are affected thus causing pain. Osteoarthritis in other joints like the hips can cause limping and also lead to back pain.
- Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
These are vertebra problems that make one vertebra slide over another. These usually happen during extreme physical activities.
- Spinal Stenosis
This refers to the narrowing of the spinal canal that often develops with age.
- Fractures of the Vertebrae
This can be caused by sudden impact or direct blow to the spine such as from a car or bicycle accident.
- Spinal Deformities
These would include curvature problems like severe scoliosis or kyphosis.
- Compression Fractures
These are common among postmenopausal women who have osteoporosis, often causing lower back pains. People who have osteoporosis can have a compression fracture even from the smallest amount of pressure on the spine such as from a sneeze.
• Ankylosing Spondylitis
This is a type of joint inflammation that also affects the spine and causes pain in the lower back.
• Bacterial Infection
When bacteria enter the spine during injection treatments or injury, back pain from the bone infection can result.
• Spinal Tumors
These growths that develop on the bones or ligaments of the spinal cord or nerve roots can inflict pain on the lower back.
• Paget’s Disease
This ailment causes an abnormal bone growth that affects not only the spine but also the chest, pelvis, legs and skull.
• Scheuermann’s Disease
In this condition, one or more spinal bones grow into wedge shape causing curvature of the spine.
• Other medical conditions that can cause back pain include:
- pelvic inflammatory disease
- aortic aneurysm
- peptic ulcer
- gallbladder disease
- urinary disorders like urinary tract infection or kidney stones
- prostate disease
Information about the possible causes of lower back pain is not meant to raise paranoia. It’s only important that you realize that back pain isn’t something that you can just ignore. It’s possible that it can be a sign of a serious underlying medical condition, which is why you should seek medical help if you experience chronic back pain.