Pregnancy brings many changes to a woman. Although you should inform your doctor know of any changes that happen during the full course of pregnancy, most problems are temporary, expected and normal. Here’s a list of such problems, along with suggested remedy actions:
• Heartburn – Heartburn is the most common and uncomfortable problem associated with pregnancy. It can be relieved with antacid solution. Eating small meals and avoiding fatty foods can also avoid heartburn. Other measures include not lying down after eating, and drinking a glass of milk before sleeping.
• Urinary Frequency – This condition usually occurs during the first 12 to 14 weeks of pregnancy. Urinary frequency is urinating more frequently than usual. It is normal and there is no preventive measure for it. But if urination is accompanied with burning and back pain, consult to your doctor because it may be signs of urinary tract infection.
• Leg Cramps – Leg and foot cramps are also common during pregnancy and they usually occur at night. Interventions to alleviate them include keeping the legs straight while lying in bed, massaging the calf muscles, and hot compress over the legs.
• Backache – Most pregnant women complain about backache. This occurs due to the softened ligaments and the increased weight of the baby inside the womb. Measures that can help prevent and alleviate backaches include keeping a good posture, wearing flat heel shoes, and proper exercise. If the problem continues even after taking these measures, consult your OB-gyne immediately.
• Constipation and Hemorrhoids – During pregnancy, it is common to experience constipation. Constipation is when you have difficulty passing stool. It can be relieved by including a high fiber food in your meal like wholegrain bread, fresh fruits, and vegetables. Proper exercise like walking may also help, and drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water everyday will prevent constipation. If constipation is not relieved and hemorrhoids result, immediately report to your doctor. While at home, cold compress can relieve swelling and irritation, and keeping the anal area clean will prevent infections.
• Varicose Veins – Varicose veins usually occurs as veins swell and turn bluish in the legs during pregnancy. This can be avoided through wearing supportive pantyhose, avoiding long standing periods, regular walking exercises, and resting the feet and legs higher than the body during in bed or sitting position.
• Iron Deficiency Anemia – It is common to feel tired during pregnancy because the weight of the baby grows overtime. But whenever you feel dizzy and weak, it may be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. This should be consulted to your OB-gyne.
• Edema – Edema is abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath skin. It is a rare problem and occurs during last periods of pregnancy. Edema can be evident in the hands, legs and face. Eating a well balanced diet and exercising daily can help prevent edema. Leg elevation can also lessen edema.