Uterine Fibroids are the lumps that develop in the uterus.
The locations where these lumps may grow are:
- on the inside of the uterus
- on the outside of the uterus
- in the wall of the uterus
Uterine Fibroids are also known by other names like:
- fibroid tumors
Fibroids should not be mistaken as cancer. Unless they cause problems, you don't have to do anything about them. In fact, some women don't even know they have it. This condition is common among women in their 30s and 40s.
There is no exact cause known for this condition. However, some experts note that the female hormones estrogen and progesterone seem to increase the growth of the lumps. These hormones are at their highest levels during the menstrual period. Usually, the fibroids shrink after menopause when the body makes less of these hormones.
Often, this condition doesn't exhibit any symptom. Sometimes, symptoms can be very mild that they can go unnoticed. Still the noticeable common symptoms of fibroids include:
- low back pain
- long, gushing menstrual periods
- fullness or pressure in the belly
- pain during sex
- urge to urinate often
- heavy bleeding and anemia
If the fibroids bleed or press against the organs, the symptoms can decline a person's quality of life significantly. This can lead to heavy bleeding during your period, which can make you feel weak and tired. Heavy bleeding may also result in anemia.
- pregnancy issues
Moreover, women who have this condition may find it hard to get pregnant. It can also cause pregnancy problems such as early labor and miscarriage.
- First, your doctor needs to ask you about your symptoms.
- Afterwards, a pelvic exam will be done to check the size of your uterus.
- In some cases, doctors do blood tests to look for anemia and other related health problems.
- The doctor may send you to have an ultrasound or some other type of test to show pictures of the uterus. This will enable the doctor to see the size and location of the lumps.
1) Mild Cases
If the lumps do not bother you then it's all right not to do anything about them. The doctor will just monitor the lumps during regular checkups to see if they have gotten bigger.
For those who experience pain and heavy bleeding, over-the-counter pain medications may help. Birth control pills can also alleviate the condition by making your period lighter.
3) Iron Diet for Anemia
If you have anemia, it's a must to take iron supplement and eat foods that are rich in iron such as:
- leafy green vegetables
If the symptoms make you uncomfortable, a surgery may be recommended by your doctor. But since fibroids grow very slowly, you have plenty of time to make a decision. Surgical procedure for this condition comes in three types.
Myomectomy is the process of taking out the fibroids out of the uterus.
Hysterectomy on the other hand requires taking out of the entire uterus. This ensures that the fibroids do not come back, but you will not be able to get pregnant afterwards.
c) uterine fibroid embolization
Another treatment to consider is called uterine fibroid embolization which can shrink the fibroids without requiring any surgery. It's the preferred method by women who want to get pregnant in the future.