There are several methods that can be used to treat depression, some more extreme than others are. One of the more popular forms of treatment is psychodynamic psychotherapy. This article shall focus on the methodology of psychodynamic therapy, as well as the benefits that the users receive.
Background Information on Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
This form of therapy is largely based on psychoanalysis. The technique, commonly known as insight-oriented therapy focuses on investigating a patient's emotional and behavioral changes that are a direct result of their depressed state. As this form of therapy is more of psychoanalysis, it focuses on bringing to the forefront any fears, fantasies or conflicts that may be held in the patient's subconscious.
The accepted theory of this therapy follows the train of thought that by enabling the patient to face these fears and conflicts, they are able to let go of them and thus bring about changes in their emotions and behavior. The patient is able to conceptualize these unresolved issues that are making them depressed.
How it Works
As with any theory, the psychodynamic psychotherapy has four schools of thought. Any therapist may implement the therapy based on any of these schools. These are: Ego Psychology, Object Psychology, Object Relations and Self Psychology.
Depression is a state of the mind. It may be caused by various issues such as unresolved conflicts, childhood issues and/or relationship difficulties. Therapists understand that depressed evolves from these issues. However, it can be difficulty to help the depressed client who is faced with these conflicts as they may be suppressed. Therapists who utilize psychodynamic psychotherapy have their patients transfer these unresolved issues to them by acting as a blank slate. In this way, they are able to help the patient deal with these issues as they reveal them. By simply interpreting the thoughts and feelings expressed on behalf of the client, the therapist succeeds in giving insight to the client.
For psychodynamic psychotherapy to be useful, it normally requires sessions over a long period of time. Most therapists allow the patients to express themselves freely, rarely ever asking any questions so they won't interrupt the client's train of thought.
The first session may involve a brief introduction whereby the therapist asks a series of questions regarding the purpose of the treatment. Progressive treatment involves lengthy sessions where the client explores different issues that may have occurred in their lifetime.
The benefits of this treatment are quite effective. It helps the client pinpoint causes for their depression and helps them to resolve these issues and eventually get rid of depression.