Now, how do you face your problem if your face is the problem? Face problems can be anything from zits and acnes to skin irritations and uneven skin tones. But these are all minor compared to facial injuries that can bring about pain, swelling or bruising. Facial injuries are indeed no laughing matter. Below, we'll take a quick look at the causes, common types, and treatment of this type of injury.
Among adults, these injuries frequently occur during sports or recreational activities, particularly those that require combat or intense physical contact such as ice hockey, martial arts, soccer, rugby, motor vehicle crashes, accidental falls, and fights.
For children, the common causes of facial injuries are sports, games, and accidental falls. Young children tend to have less serious facial injuries than older children or adults. That's because they still have fat pads on their faces that serve as cushion and their bones are more pliant than those of older people. With that, they are less susceptible to facial bone breakage. Young children, however, are at most risk of being bitten in the face by an animal.
Some of the common types of facial injuries include the following:
• Cut or Puncture on the Face or Mouth
This type of facial injury is usually a result of a minor injury. But it is also possible for the cut or puncture to develop if the jaw or facial bone is broken.
• Bruises on the Face
These occur when the blood vessels under the skin of the face rupture or get torn. Bruises happen when the face is subjected to blow, impact or trauma. The common type of facial bruise is the black eye.
• Broken Bones or Fractures
When the face is subjected to extremely strong impact, this can result in broken bones or fractures.
• Dislocated Jaw
When the lower jawbone called mandible is pulled apart from one or both of the joints that connect it to the base skull at the temporomandibular (TM joints), dislocated jaw happens. This problem can cause serious pain and swelling. Even when the jaw is popped back into place, problems may still persist.
Treating a facial injury depends on the location, type and severity of the injury as well as your age and health condition.
• Severe Injury
If the injury is severe, it is a must to see the doctor right away. Surgery may be needed for severe injuries.
• Less Severe Injury
If the injury is not severe or doctor is not available immediately, you can relieve the pain and swelling with home self-care techniques such as first aid for bleeding and application of a cold pack. If the inured person is a child, first calm the child so he/she would stop crying, because crying increases blood flow and worsens facial bleeding.
Make sure you don't move the injured facial bones. Apply ice or cold pack for 10 to 30 minutes 3 or more times a day to tone down the swelling. Keep the head elevated while sleeping.