Tooth Sensitivity refers to the pain or discomfort felt in the teeth, usually after consuming hot or cold foods and drinks, or breathing cold air. The pain felt in or around the teeth can be sharp, and sudden. It usually reverberates to the other parts of the mouth like the gums and nerve endings. If you experience this bothersome problem, it's about time that you get to the bottom of it. Here are the possible reasons you have sensitive teeth along with some tips on what you can do about it.
What's the Primary Cause of Sensitive Teeth?
The teeth become sensitive when the layer underneath the enamel, which is called the dentin, becomes exposed due to receding gum line. The tubules or channels in the dentin make it easier for stimuli such as hot, cold, or sweet food and drinks to reach the nerve of the tooth. As the result, sharp sudden pain is felt.
What Are The Factors That Lead To Sensitive Teeth?
Brushing Too Hard – When you brush too aggressively, you wear down the enamel and expose the dentin. This also causes the gums to recede. To avoid this from happening, you should be gentle when cleaning your teeth. See to it that you only use soft bristled toothbrush as well.
Tooth Decay – When there is tooth decay near the gum line, the dentin becomes exposed and more vulnerable to stimuli. Stay away from tooth decay with proper dental hygiene such as regular brushing and flossing. Don't indulge too much on sugary foods and drinks that contribute to tooth decay.
Receding of the Gums – As the gum line recedes, usually due to a periodontal disease, the roots of the teeth become exposed. Don't wait for this to happen. Take care of your gums through regular brushing and flossing. See your dentist at least once a year for professional cleaning.
Gingivitis – This is a common type of gum disease wherein the gum tissue becomes inflamed and more sensitive. Same tips for this; gingivitis can be avoided with annual professional cleaning of the teeth and proper dental hygiene.
Cracked Teeth – Cracks in the surface of the teeth may be filled with bacteria and enter the pulp. This causes inflammation and tooth sensitivity. When you have cracked teeth, go to the dentist as soon as you can. Don't wait until it's filled with bacteria.
Teeth Grinding – Constant grinding or clenching of the teeth wears the enamel and exposes the dentin. Check with your dentist regarding this problem. He/she may recommend the use of a mouth guard during sleep. It's a must to control the teeth grinding before the enamel gets worn out completely.
Tooth Whitening Products – These products contain baking soda and peroxide, which can contribute to teeth sensitivity. If you want to make use of teeth whiteners in the market, consult your dentist first.
Acidic Foods and Drinks – Regular intake of food and drinks that have high acid content can cause enamel erosion overtime. If you're going to drink acidic beverages like citrus juice, use a straw to minimize contact with the teeth. Rinse your mouth thoroughly after eating acidic food.