Adequate sleep is required to keep one mentally and physically fit. However, sleep disorders have become very common in adults and children alike. Below is a list of some of the common sleep disorders and tips to deal with them.
Insomnia: This is the inability to fall asleep. If your doctor has already ruled out all other possibilities of any medical disorder, you must check your sleep hygiene. Try fixing a time for going to bed and waking up regularly. Avoid taking naps during the day and make it a habit to do relaxing things like reading before going to bed. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, or nicotine anytime near going to sleep.
Sleep Apnea (snoring): While asleep, the blockage of the upper airways often leads to breathlessness. See a doctor right away. A Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), a breathing therapy involving a breathing device, might also help curing this disorder. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, sleeping pills and any kind of sedatives near bedtime. Losing weight and, in rare cases, a surgery might be necessary.
Narcolepsy: Excessive and disorderly sleepiness during the day can be signs of Narcolepsy. Taking short naps helps a great deal. Some stimulants to keep you alert during the day might also be suggested by the doctor.
Restless Leg Disorder: The feeling of burning sensation, itching or prickling while sleeping is a clear indication of this condition. Intake of caffeine further deteriorates the disorder. Hot and cold bags would be very helpful. A hot water bath and a light relaxing exercise or yoga before going to bed can return remarkable results.
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder (CRSD): The 24-hour cycle which determines our sleep and wake time is called the Circadian Rhythm, and this rhythm can be disrupted. The best known cure for this condition is the Bright-Light Treatment (Heliotherapy), where bright light is administered for a prescribed amount of time and, in some cases, at a specific time of day. If you suspect that you have CRSD, you must visit a sleep specialist.