Cystitis is a term used to name an infection in the bladder. This infection is caused by an abundance of bacterial growth in the bladder, eventually causing it to become inflamed. Typically in a bladder infection, a burning pain is experienced by the sufferer.
How Does a Bladder Infection Occur?
A bladder infection occurs when bacteria enters the urinary tract and travels toward the bladder. An example of a situation where bacteria can infiltrate the urinary tract is when a woman wipes from back to front after urinating. In males, bacteria can enter the urinary tract through sexual intercourse. As it is the last destination of the bacteria in the urinary tract, the bladder is usually where bacterial growth commonly occurs, thus resulting in bladder infection.
What Causes the Burning Pain in a Bladder Infection?
When bacteria enter the urinary tract and begin rapid growth, white blood cells are created by the body to fight it. When urinating, the white blood cells act to push bacteria out, which causes the burning sensation. Thus, the body's action to rid itself of bacteria creates the burning pain when urinating.
Complicated Bladder Infections
Complicated urinary infections involve those that have abnormalities in the urinary tract. These infections are also harder to treat than the common bladder infection. Although women get bladder infections more often, men get the uncommon yet complicated ones.
Men have less chances of getting bladder infections because the length of the urethra helps keep bacteria from getting to the bladder. Some of the most common reasons why men get urinary tract infections include medical conditions like diabetes and nerve damage due to injuries. A blockage in urine flow can also cause bladder infections in men. An example of this blockage is an expanded or enlarged prostrate, which is common in men 50 years old and above.
Other Symptoms of a Bladder Infection
Aside from the burning sensation when urinating, other common symptoms include frequent urination, and urinating in small amounts is frequently the first indication of an infection in the bladder. If urinating frequently at night is not a normal occurrence for you, then it is possible that a bladder infection may be present. Hematuria, or blood in the urine, as well as pain in the lower abdomen are also symptoms of a bladder infection. Complicated infections in the bladder can exhibit symptoms like fever with chills, back pain, vomiting, nausea and confusion.