Cytoscopy is a medical procedure commonly performed by doctors to determine the condition of a person's urinary tract and treat any urinary problems that may be present. Cytoscopy can help determine the cause of a patient's bladder pain or other symptoms they may be experiencing. Also, urinary problems may be immediately fixed during the procedure. It would be a wise decision for patients who are about to undergo cytoscopy to read everything about it in order to prepare themselves mentally, as well as physically.
Reasons for Performing a Cytoscopy
Investigating possible causes for urinary symptoms being exhibited by the patient is the primary reason for a cytoscopy. During a cytoscopy, the doctor can check if there are blockages in the urethra, such as kidney stones or tumors. As a corrective procedure, a doctor may perform a cytoscopy to put a stent in a narrowed ureter. The stent would then help the flow of urine from the kidneys down to the bladder. Other treatments done through cytoscopy include the removal of urinary stones and tumors, as well as correction of bleeding in the bladder.
Performing a Cytoscopy
Doctors perform a cytoscopy with the patient under anesthesia. The anesthesia that is administered may be local or general. If a patient will be given general anesthesia for the cytoscopy procedure, then no food or fluid should be given to the patient eight hours prior to the procedure. In the procedure, a cytoscope (very small camera) is inserted into the urethra and pushed forward, toward the bladder. After the cytoscope is placed properly, the bladder is then injected with sterile water to help it expand and at the same time allow the doctor to have a better view inside. To prevent infection, the bladder may also be injected with antibiotics. If the purpose of cytoscopy is more than exploratory, other devices (like a tissue sample collector) may also be inserted into the urethra and toward the bladder.
Recovery after Cytoscopy
Since cytoscopy is a very short medical procedure, recovery is also achieved in a very short period of time. However, for a procedure done under general anesthesia, recovery might take hours longer. The patient will have to stay for hours at the recovery room until they wake up and are able to walk. Although the recovery time is short, some side effects may still be experienced. Common side effects of the procedure include a temporary swelling of the urethra and some bleeding.
Cytoscopy can also have complications in some cases. Most common complications include blood clots after urinating a few times, being unable to urinate eight hours after undergoing the procedure, serious abdominal pain and urinary tract infection.