Alcoholism is a worldwide problem affecting men and women of varying ages; this is a problem when the person becomes dependent on alcohol, something he or she can’t do without. Alcoholism has affected not just adults but also younger people every year. That includes 12 to 15 year old kids, already drinking like an adult. This generally comes together with a lack of education from their parents and also a “freedom” in terms of things kids do these days.
In alcoholism, there is physical dependency manifested through a few abstinence symptoms after a person is not able to ingest alcohol for some period of time. Also, an alcoholic person does not have control over his drinking limits and usually he never admits when he has these problems, falling into denial.
According to the World Health Organization, the harmful use of alcohol is a global problem which compromises both individual and social development. It results in 2.5 million deaths each year; for example in Mexico it is estimated that 70 % of car accidents are mainly because of alcohol and it is the main reason of deaths among 15 to 30 year old persons. It does not only affect the emotional and physical health of the alcoholic person; it also affects his personality as a whole.
At the moment, there is no common reason for this addiction, as in drugs. This can be because of the peer pressure or society as a whole, family, or even the media. It may also be due to low self-esteem, depressive tendency, or just the desire of getting along with other people.
Treatments against alcoholism include detoxification programs made by medical institutions just as in drug quitting programs. These consist of helping the patient being with other persons who have the same problem, and making them focus on trivial things so they can forget the need for alcohol according to the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), an organization for alcohol dependent people.
The problem with this is that the person needs the will power to do it, and so far the common problem with people who drink a lot of alcohol is that they never admit they have a problem, refusing every kind of help until they realize their problem with another problem. For example, the person causes a car accident and goes to jail because he was under the effects of alcohol. Only then the person just realizes that he has a problem; but even in this situation sometimes there is a denial response.
Alcoholism is a problem that affects every kind of people, young, middle aged or elderly, and it is a problem that needs to be controlled, because it can affect lives, not only the life of the addicts themselves, but also the persons around them, causing family break ups and various social problems.
The way to fight this is by being responsible and knowing that alcoholism is a very dangerous disease that people should try to avoid. We should participate in activities that allow us to get away from drinking and get a better and healthier life.