Smoking is one of the major causes of death today. According to the World Health Organization, 100 million deaths in the 20th century have been caused by smoking. Researches have shown that smoking compromises the health of an individual in many ways.
The effects are:
The most popular and alarming effect of smoking is death. Male and female smokers lose an average of 13.2 and 14.5 years of life, respectively. They are most likely to die before the age of 60 according to the American Journal of Public Health.
Smoking increases the risk of cancer, with lung cancer at the top of the list. The components of cigarette contain carcinogens such as cyanide, carbon monoxide, acetic acid, ammonia, butane and many others known to kill healthy cells and develop cancer. These components are most commonly used for industrial purposes and are found extremely harmful to human body. These components cause inflammation and irritation to different organs. Cancer in kidney, larynx, breast, bladder, esophagus, pancreas and the stomach can also occur from smoking.
If not lung cancer, smoking still causes pulmonary conditions such as Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis. The tissues, organs and linings of the Respiratory System become irritated and inflamed due to smoking therefore causing difficulty in breathing, chest pain and if not treated, even death.
The effects of smoking increase the chances of heart diseases, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Components of cigarettes are known to constrict blood vessels therefore narrowing the passage ways of blood that carry oxygen. This can lead to fast heart rates, heart attacks, stroke, and Buerger's disease. Buerger's disease is where inflammation and clotting in the arteries and veins occur in the hands and feet. Smoking also causes the platelets to become thicker, therefore damaging blood vessels that may lead to heart attack.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human services, there is high prevalence of Periodontitis in smokers. This is a serious gum disease that results in loss of teeth and bone.
Infertility and Impotence
Panayiotis Zavos, Ph.D. confirmed that smoking affects the quality of the sperms in every way such as in their longevity and motility. The ovaries and the reproductive system are also affected. Damage to these organs may cause infertility.
There are many other conditions wherein smoking compromises the health such as premature deaths, impaired cognitive functions, increased levels of stress and many more. These effects may lead you into thinking of why many still patronize this activity. Do not wait until you are diagnosed with a certain disease or condition.
The earlier you quit the better because prevention is better than cure.