According to the American Pregnancy Association, there are approximately 6 million women who become pregnant each year in the United States. And half of them are unwanted pregnancies. All over the world, they’re also experiencing the same problem. An unwanted pregnancy causes depression to the mother that affects the health of the baby inside the womb.
Birth Control Methods
There are many birth control methods available today. Learning each method will help not only mothers but also teens to prevent pregnancy. Each method has advantages and disadvantages that will guide you in choosing the most effective birth control method that will fit you.
• Pills – The success of birth control pills will totally depend on how they are used. It offers 96% percent efficacy when it is used according to the prescribed directions. Aside from preventing unwanted pregnancy, the pills have good benefits that include less chance of having Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), helping Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), and protection against breast and uterine cancer.
The common side effects of birth control pills are headache, weight gain, and spotting between periods. Moreover, the most serious complication related to pills is blood clot, but this is a rare complication.
• Condoms – The most commonly used birth control method is condoms. With proper usage, the condom not only offers protection against unwanted pregnancy but also prevents acquiring Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).
Using condoms usually decreases sensitivity for some guys, but it doesn’t mean that there will be no sensation at all. Only water based lubricants are used with condom and each condom must be used only once.
• Intrauterine Device (IUD) – This is a small device which is placed inside the uterus. Once it is inside the uterus, it provides long term protection against pregnancy, for about 5 to 10 years. This birth control method is safe and highly effective.
• Permanent Birth Control – Also known as sterilization, this birth control method is a surgical procedure done to men and women who don’t want to have children anymore. This method has been proven to be the most effective birth control method.
Vasectomy is the surgical procedure done for men, where the vas deferens is cut to block sperm from coming through with the semen. This procedure doesn’t affect a man’s erection and enjoyment for sex.
Tubal ligation or implants is the surgical procedure done to women, where the fallopian tube is cut to prevent the passage of the egg into the uterus. Tubal ligation has higher risk for problems and is also expensive.
Remember that in deciding what birth control method fits for you, make sure to consult a doctor first.