Pregnancy inspires awe in many people since it signifies the creation of a new life. To make sure that the developing fetus will be healthy and strong, here are some things that pregnant women should avoid.
Pregnant mothers are urged to be careful with what they take in their body because it always affects the fetus. When the mother drinks, the baby will also ingest the alcohol, which can lead to health risks such as skeletal deformities, CNS dysfunction, and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FAS is characterized by a number of congenital birth defects including prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, facial malformations, central nervous system dysfunction, and varying degrees of major organ system malfunctions. The child may also eventually suffer severe retardation and other abnormalities.
Smoking and Exposure to Smoking
Tobacco smoke has more than 4,000 chemicals that can cause damage to the body. Pregnant women should not only avoid smoking but they should also keep away from inhaling second-hand smoke since exposure to smoke can result in spontaneous abortion, pre-term births, low-weight full-term babies, and fetal and infant deaths.
Taking Prescription or Over-The-Counter Drugs
Because of the sensitive condition of a developing fetus, the mother should be careful not to take any drug, over-the-counter or otherwise, to avoid the risk of damage. It is advised that pregnant women refrain from taking over-the-counter drugs in the first eight weeks of pregnancy because this is the period when the fetus's brain, heart, and lungs are developing.
Taking Illegal Drugs
Since pregnant women are dissuaded from taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs, it is understood that they should even more avoid taking illegal drugs. Doing so increases the risk of having low birth weight, causing damage to the central nervous system that leads to the delay or impairment of neurobehavioral development, and suffering physical malformations like cleft palate, heart murmurs, eye defects, abnormalities of facial features, and other organ systems.
Drinking Caffeinated Drinks
Since caffeine is a stimulant, it increases the heart rate and blood pressure, which are not recommended during pregnancy. Caffeine is also a diuretic, which makes urination more frequent. Because of this, the body might lose too much liquid, leading to dehydration.
Consuming Uncooked Meat, Seafood, and Some Types of Fish
Uncooked meat and seafood are possible sources of parasites that cause toxoplasmosis, which gives rise to birth defects, ectopic pregnancy, and stillbirth. Raw meat and seafood may also contain salmonella and coliform bacteria, which can lead to miscarriage, still birth, or damage of the fetus's brain. Some types of fish should also be avoided, such as swordfish and tuna because they may contain mercury and other industrial chemicals that can also cause fetal brain damage.
Having Contact with Electromagnetic Appliance
Microwave ovens, electric blankets, television sets, and x-ray are some sources of electro magnetic energy. Because the cells in a developing fetus are extremely susceptible, pregnant women are advised to avoid these appliances.
Exposure to High Temperatures
Pregnant women who develop fever, work under the sun during the summer, or exercise excessively are prone to raising their body temperatures to over 102 degrees, which is dangerous to the fetuses as they do not have external cooling mechanisms like children and adults.
If you are pregnant or planning to have a child in the future, take note of these reminders so that the new life you create will enjoy good health and happiness.