Children are vulnerable when it comes to skin problems and diseases. Since they have sensitive skin and they often tend to get exposed to irritants and bacteria inside and outside the house, you must make sure that they are protected. There are various skin conditions that can affect children. Some of these are the roseola, cradle cap and Fifth disease. It is important to know the causes, symptoms and treatment for each in order to properly cure the skin problem in children.
Roseola is a viral disease marked by high fever, pinkish-red flat or raised rashes on the trunk, and it spreads over the body. This affects children between six months to two years. This disease is caused by two common and related viruses known as the human herpes virus type 6 and type 7. Roseola is contagious and can spread through droplets of fluid from the throat and nose of the infected.
A child with roseola may develop mild upper respiratory illness with high fever that lasts for three to seven days. The child may become irritable and have a weak appetite and swollen glands in the neck. A doctor will do a thorough physical examination on the child to diagnose roseola. The diagnosis will remain uncertain until the fever goes down and rashes begin to appear.
There's no need to have a treatment for roseola other than to bring down the fever. Antibiotics will not work because roseola is caused by virus. If you want to reduce the child's fever, you can use acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Do not give your child aspirin because it is connected to the development of Reye syndrome leading to liver failure.
Cradle Cap is a rash that starts out as scaling and redness on a baby's scalp. It is a form of eczema that is noninfectious. It's common in infants and this usually begins in the first weeks of life and slowly disappears after a few weeks or months. The cause of this skin condition is not yet known to date. However, experts believe that yeast called Pityrosporum ovale has a role in the appearance of cradle cap.
Cradle cap cases that are mild can be treated using mild shampoo. The hair should be washed more often and it must be brushed with a soft-bristled brush to help remove the scales. Also, medicated shampoos are available to help loosen the scales. Be careful in using these because they may cause irritation. Make sure to use this only after the pediatrician has recommended it. Topical steroids and anti-fungal creams may also be prescribed to treat redness.
Fifth Disease is highly contagious and caused by the human parvovirus. This usually affects school-aged children. The infected kid can develop facial rash that can appear like cheeks which have been slapped. Symptoms may include flu and cold-like observations and spreading of rashes all throughout the body.