What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is categorized by the World Health Organization (WHO) under diseases of the nervous system. This disorder is usually referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or post-viral fatigue syndrome (PVFS). According to various health studies, this condition is being suffered by one to four million Americans.

Causes
The cause is still unknown but it can be triggered by virus infection, transient traumatic conditions, stress, toxins or nervous system issues.

About 40% of the general population suffering from CFS are commonly impaired by other ailment such as diabetes, thyroid disease and substance usage. Symptoms of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Symptoms
This condition affects women more than men. The symptoms may include the following:

• Chronic or severe mental and physical exhaustion

• Unexplained fatigue

• Un-refreshing sleep

• Depression

• Post-exertion malaise

• Widespread muscle

• Joint pain

• Cognitive difficulties

• Weak muscles

• Sensitivity to light, sounds and smell

• Orthostatic intolerance

• Digestive disorder

• Cardiac problems

• Respiratory problems

• Tender lymph nodes

• Sore throat

Diagnosis
CFS patients may report more added symptoms but those mentioned above can be also characterized by a co-morbid disorder too. Therefore, diagnostics should be done thoroughly to analyze if these symptoms are indeed triggered by CFS.

Treatment for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
The treatment of CFS includes the following:

• Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – This is a form of psychological therapy that is similarly applied to cure chronically ill patients. This is effective in curing individuals with moderate CFS problem. This helps by understanding the patient's individual symptoms and beliefs. This type of cognitive therapy also advances strategies to improve the daily living of CFS patients.

• Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) – This is, on the other hand, a form of physical therapy. Meta-analysis published in 2004 says that individuals who always exercise would feel less or not at all fatigued.

• Pacing – This is known as energy management strategy that encourages behavioral change. This treatment process advises CFS patients to set a manageable day-to-day balance routine and rest to avoid over-exertion that perhaps worsens the symptoms of CFS. The goal of the treatment is to gradually increase the level of activities to maintain established energy level.

 


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