Although gum recession is a common dental problem, it doesn’t mean you should take it lightly. Receding gums, which is a sign of gum disease, take place when the tissue surrounding the teeth wears away in the direction towards the root. This means the more of the tooth is exposed. When this happens, bacteria can easily build up along the gum line and can eventually bring about tooth loss. Many people don’t know they have it since it occurs slowly. They don’t find out about it until the condition is already severe. So why do gums recede? Here are some factors that lead to this gum problem.
Periodontal disease – If you have receding gums, it probably means that you have a gum disease. Gum diseases can destroy the gum tissue that keeps your teeth in place. Even the healthiest tooth can fall off if the gum surrounding it can’t hold it in place anymore.
Aggressive brushing of the teeth – Receding gums may also mean that you brush your teeth too aggressively. Don’t be too hard on your pearls. If you think you’re doing your teeth a favor brushing them hard to remove the dirt and food particles, you’re wrong. You’re not only wearing the enamel away, you’re always contributing to gum recession. Brush your teeth gently and use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
Lack of dental care – Gum recession may also be due to insufficient brushing or flossing. When you don’t brush or floss regularly, plaque on the surfaces of the teeth turn into tartar. Tartar is a hard substance that builds up along the gum line and causes receding gums. It’s imperative that you brush and floss regularly, ideally after every meal to prevent this from happening. Not only that, you should also see your dentist for professional cleaning at least once a year to get rid of those hardened particles that your toothbrush isn’t able to remove anymore.
Hormonal changes – Gums become more sensitive and thus more vulnerable to recession during those times when there are changes in the female hormonal levels. This can happen during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. It’s essential to pay attention to your gums when you’re in any of these stages.
Use of tobacco – Another reason to quit smoking – studies have shown that those who use tobacco are more likely to have gum recession than those who don’t. That’s because they’re more likely to have sticky plaque stuck on the surfaces and in between their teeth.
Teeth grinding and clenching – Those who are teeth grinders or clenchers put excessive pressure on the teeth that can eventually cause the gums to recede.
Crooked teeth – This or a misaligned bite can put much pressure on the gums and teeth, causing the gums to recede over time.
Body piercing on the lip or tongue – If you have jewelry in either your lip or tongue, this can rub the gums and irritate them. Eventually, the gum tissue will wear out and recede.
Deep cleaning of the affected area is the initial treatment method that your dentist will do if you have this kind of problem. Gum surgery may be in order if deep cleaning can’t do the job. Pocket depth reduction, regeneration, and soft tissue graft are the typical surgical procedures for this.