Proper wound care is important to prevent infections and contaminations. Some people take wounds for granted and they do not do anything about it unless it is severe. The body has a natural healing process and defenses that help in healing but with the aid of proper wound care, wounds will heal faster and prevent infection.
Wound care stops situations from aggravating. Wound infection happens when bacteria enter the open wound. These microorganisms invade the surrounding tissue enabling the wounds to heal improperly. There should be a substantial amount of bacteria present in the wound to be able to cause infection. One will know if a wound is infected if it is accompanied by blood, pus or any seeping fluids. Aside from the appearance of an infected wound, odd color and foul smell may also manifest. To prevent wound infection, proper wound care is needed.
Assess The Wound
The first step in proper wound care is to determine the type of wound. Scrapes and abrasions may be treated at home but you need to seek medical help if wounds are:
- profusely bleeding,
- caused by animal bites, or
- with yellow drainage
Determining how severe the wound is will help you ascertain what kind of treatment to apply.
Clean The Wound
After assessing what kind of wound it is, cleansing the wound would be the next step. The purpose of cleansing the wound is to remove bacteria and dirt as much as possible. Clean the wound with mild soap and running water for 10 to 15 minutes. There are available anti septic cleanser that one can use if they prefer it rather than using soap and water. Try not to directly apply soap to the wound as it can cause irritation. Alcohol is also used as a disinfectant in wound cleansing. Remember to remove all visible dirt as much as possible and do not vigorously rub the wound.
Protect The Wound
After cleansing the wound you can apply anti microbial ointments to the wound. Anti microbials are helpful in treating wounds and fighting infections to help tissues heal faster. Leaving the wound uncovered will help speed up the wound's healing. Although this is not recommended, covering the wound will be needed when the area is likely to get dirty or be rubbed by clothing. Areas such as the hand or knee need to be covered.
Maintain The Wound
Band aid or gauze need to be changed every 4 to 6 hours to avoid build up of bacteria. Proper wound care maintenance will aid in faster healing and avoid infection.
Wound Care is really important when you acquire wounds but another important thing to consider in speeding wound healing is to eat foods rich in protein and vitamin C. These two nutrients help in building body tissues. By eating these kinds of food, you will not only heal externally but internally.